Aluminium Datasheet

Austral Wright Metals has a history of over 75 years in the aluminium business as one of the industry’s leading suppliers.

A unique combination of properties puts aluminium and its alloys among our most versatile engineering and construction materials. All alloys are light in weight, yet some have strengths greater than that of structural steel. The majority of alloys are highly durable under the majority of service conditions and no coloured salts are formed to stain adjacent surfaces or discolour products with which they come in contact, such as fabrics in the textile industry and solutions in chemical equipment. They have no toxic reaction. Aluminium and most of its alloys have good electrical and thermal conductivities and high reflectivity to both heat and light.

Aluminium and most of its alloys can easily be worked into any form and readily accept a wide variety of surface finishes.

Light weight is perhaps the best known characteristic of aluminium, with density of approximately 2.73 x 103 kilograms per cubic metre at 200C as compared with 8.89 x 103 for copper and 7.86 x 103 for carbon steel.

To download PDFs click here.

 

Nominal Composition

Alloy
AA

Description

Element, weight %
Mg Mn Cr Cu Al
1100
99.00% Aluminium – Low Strength
Rem
1200
99.00% Aluminium – Low Strength
Rem
3003
Manganese Aluminium – Medium Strength
1.2
0.12
Rem
5005
Manganese Aluminium – Medium Strength
0.8
Rem
5052
Manganese Aluminium – Medium Strength
2.5
Rem
5083
Manganese Aluminium – High Strength
4.5
0.7
0.15
Rem

Alloy Characteristics*

Alloy

Standard Product

Corrosion Resistance
Machining Anodising Brazing
Coil
Sheet
Plate
Treadplate
1100
X
X
A
D
B
A
1200
X
X
A
C
B
A
3003
X
X
X
A
C
B
A
5005
X
X
A
C
B
B
5052
X
X
X
X
A
B
C
C
5083
X
A
B
C
D

Applications

Alloy

Applications
1100
Spinning, holloware, food handling & storage, general sheet metal work
1200
Spinning, holloware, and general sheet metal work
3003
Chemical equipment and sheet metal work
5005
Architectural, sheet metal work, high strength foil
5052
Boats, dighies and other applications requiring resistance to marine corrosion
5083
Marine, pressure vessels, cryogenics, and structure. Not to be used above 65°C
* Relative ratings in decreasing order of merit: A, B, C, D.
Data from Aluminium Development Council of Australia

ALUMINIUM 1100

Aluminium alloy 1100 contains a minimum of 99.00% aluminium, and is sometimes known as ‘commercially pure aluminium’.

It has excellent electrical conductivity, good formability and high resistance to corrosion, and is used where high strength is not needed. It has the low density and excellent thermal conductivity common to all aluminium alloys.

Typical Applications

General sheet metal work where moderate strength is adequate: lightly stressed panels, architectural flashings, name plates, heat exchangers, food and chemical handling and storage equipment, drawn or spun holloware, light reflectors, welded assemblies.

 

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION
AS/NZS 1734 Aluminium and aluminium
alloys – Flat sheet, coiled sheet
and plate
Element % Element %
Aluminium 99.00 min Manganese 0.05 max
Copper
0.05-0.20
Zinc
0.10 max
Silicon + Iron
0.95 max
Others (each)
0.05 max
Others (total)
0.15 max

 

SPECIFIED MECHANICAL PROPERTIES
AS/NZS 1734 Aluminium and aluminium
alloys – Flat sheet, coiled sheet
and plate
Temper 0.2% Proof Stress
MPa (min)
Tensile Strength
MPa
Elongation
%
O (annealed)
25
75-105
15-26
H12
75
95-130
3-10
H14
95
110-145
1-8
H24
95
110 max
1-8
† For information only, proof stress is not specified or measured except by prior agreement

 

Equivalent Specifications

USA: AA1100; Japan: JIS A110P; France: NF1100; ISO Al 99.0 Cu

The properties in this data sheet meet Australian/New Zealand Standard AS/NZS 1734:1997 Aluminium and aluminium alloys – Flat sheet, coiled sheet and plate (equivalent to BS EN 573-1). The material also meets other national standards.

 

Temper Condition
O
Annealed
H1x
Strain Hardened Only
H2x
Strain Hardened then Partially Annealed
H3x
Strain Hardened and then stabilised (i.e. low temperature heat treated to pre-empt natural ageing, by reducing strength and increasing ductility)
Second Digit (x)
8
Full hard
4
Half Hard
6
Three Quarter Hard
2
Quarter Hard

 

Description

Aluminium 1100 is commercial purity aluminium with a controlled content of copper. It can be hardened by cold work: it is not heat treatable to higher strength. It has excellent ductility, up to 30% in annealed material of 1.3 to 6.0mm thickness. The ductility is more limited in the H14 and H24 tempers.

Austral Wright Metals can supply this alloy as plate, sheet and strip. See Austral Wright Metals Catalogue for normal stock sizes and tempers.

Pressure Vessels

AS1210 Pressure Vessels prequalifies alloy 1100 for pressure service for temperatures up to 200°C in the O, H12, H14 & H112 tempers.

Corrosion Resistance

The ‘1xxx’ series alloys have the best resistance to general corrosion of all the aluminum alloys. Resistance is excellent in aqueous solutions in the pH range 4-9.

The corrosion resistance of aluminium alloys relies on a protective surface oxide film, which when damaged is readily repaired by the rapid reaction between aluminium and oxygen. However, the high reactivity of the base metal can give rapid corrosion if the film cannot be repaired, so aluminium alloys are not suitable for use with reducing media. Alloy 1100 can be anodised to iprove the corrosion resistance by thickening the protective surface film.

Since aluminium is a reactive metal, it may corrode more quickly when in electrical contact with most other metals. The prediction of galvanic corrosion is complex; please consult Austral Wright Metals for specific advice.

 

Property at value unit

Property at value unit
Density
20°C
2,710
kg/m3
Mean Coefficient of Expansion
20°C
23.6
x 10-6 / °C
Weight
20°C
2.71 x thickness in mm
Thermal Conductivity
25°C
222
W / m . °C
Melting Range
643-657
°C
Electrical Resistivity
20°C
0.292
micro-ohm . m
Modulus of Elasticity
Electrical Conductivity
Tension
20°C
69
GPa
O Temper (annealed)
20°C
59
% IACS
Torsion
20°C
26
GPa
H18 Temper
20°C
57
% IACS

 

Fabrication

Aluminium 1100 is very readily cold formable in the annealed condition, as it is ductile. Forming loads and tool & press wear are generally less than with carbon steel. For piercing and blanking the punch to die clearance should be about 5% of the thickness per side for temper O, 6% for H12 & H14.

 

Characteristics
Corrosion Resistance
Formability
Weldability
Anodising
Machinability
Brazeability
Very Good
Excellent
Excellent
Very Good
Poor
Excellent

 

Welding

Alloy 1100 is readily welded by the TIG and MIG processes. Commonly used filler alloys are 4043 and 1050. 4043 gives a greater weld strength, but if the assembly is to be anodised, 1050 filler metal will give a closer colour match.

1100 may also be gas welded or resistance welded, but the resulting joints are not as strong or as corrosion resistant as the inert gas welded joints. Gas welding could result in excessive heat disstortion and thinner gauges may burn through. Aluminium must be very dry & clean to avoid contamination & porosity of the weld. It is essential that all traces of flux used in welding or brazing are removed by scrubbing with hot water.

Heat Treatment: Alloy 1100 is annealed at 350°C, time at temperature and cooling rate are unimportant. Stress relief is rarely required, but can be carried out at about 220°C. If loss of strength is of concern, stress relief tests should be conducted.

 


ALUMINIUM 3003

Aluminium alloy 3003 contains about 1.25% manganese and 0.1% copper, which increase the strength above the 1000 series aluminium grades. It is a medium strength alloy, hardenable only by cold work – it is not heat treatable. It has good weldability, formability and corrosion resistance.

Typical Applications

General sheet metal work requiring greater strength than is provided by 1000 series alloys; profiled building sheet (roofing and siding); insulation panels; holloware; food and chemical handling and storage equipment.

 

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION
AS/NZS 1734: 1997 Aluminium and aluminium alloys – Flat sheet, coiled sheet and plate
Element % Element %
Aluminium
Remainder
Silicon
0.6 max
Manganese
1.0-1.5
Iron
0.7 max
Copper
0.05-0.20
Zinc
0.10 max
Silicon
0.6 max
Others (each)
0.05 max
Iron
0.7 max
Others (total)
0.15 max

 

SPECIFIED MECHANICAL PROPERTIES
AS/NZS 1734: 1997 Aluminium and aluminium alloys – Flat sheet, coiled sheet and plate
Temper 0.2% Proof Stress
MPa (min)
Tensile Strength
MPa
Elongation
%
O (annealed)
35
95-130
14-21
H12
80
115-160
3-8
H14
115
135-180
1-8
H16
145
165-205
1-4
H18
165
185 min
1-4
† For information only, proof stress is not specified or measured except by prior agreement

 

Equivalent Specifications

Germany: DIN AlMnCu; Europe: EN AW-3003; Japan: JIS A3003P; France: NF A 3003 (formerly A-M1)

 

Temper Condition
O
Annealed
H1x
Strain Hardened Only
H2x
Strain Hardened then Partially Annealed
H3x
Strain Hardened and then stabilised (i.e. low temperature heat treated to pre-empt natural ageing, by reducing strength and increasing ductility)
Second Digit (x)
8
Full hard
4
Half Hard
6
Three Quarter Hard
2
Quarter Hard

 

Description

Aluminium 3003 is a general purpose alloy with medium strength and corrosion resistance. It is not recommended for decorative applicatioins: anodising should be for surface protection only. Special qualities are available for porcelain enamelling, deep drawing & spinning; general purpose qualities should not be used for these operations.

Austral Wright Metals can supply this alloy as plate, sheet and strip. See Austral Wright Metals Catalogue for normal stock sizes and tempers.

Pressure Vessels

AS1210 Pressure Vessels and AS4041 Pressure Piping prequalify the alloy for pressure service for temperatures up to 200°C.

Corrosion Resistance

3003 has very high resistance to general corrosion, similar to the 1000 series aluminium alloys. 3003 can be used in marine atmospheres and in seawater.

Since aluminium is a reactive metal, it may corrode more quickly when in electrical contact with most other metals. The prediciton of galvanic corrosion is complex; please consult Austral Wright Metals for specific advice.

 

Property at value unit

Property at value unit
Density
20°C
2,730
kg/m3
Melting Range
643-654
°C
Modulus of Elasticity
Mean Coefficient of Expansion
20°C
21.5
x 10-6 / °C
Tension
20°C
68.9
GPa
Thermal Conductivity
25°C
193
W / m . °C
Shear
20°C
25
GPa
Electrical Resistivity
20°C
0.034
micro-ohm . m
Poisson’s Ratio
20°C
0.33
Electrical Conductivity
20°C
50
% IACS

 

Fabrication

Aluminium 3003 is not generally hot worked. It is very readily cold formable in the annealed condition, as it is ductile. Forming loads and tool & press wear are generally less than with carbon steel. For piercing and blanking the punch to die clearance should be about 7% fo the thickness per side for the H32 & H34 tempers. Sharp tools are required.

Bend Radii

Minimum recommended internal bend radii for 90° cold bends at right angles to the rolling direction (good way). See table here

Welding: 3003 is readily welded by the TIG and MIG processes. Commonly used filler alloys are 4043 and 1100. 4043 give greater weld strength, but if the assembly is to be anodised, 1100 filler metal will give a closer colour match. 3003 may also be gas welded or resistance welded, but the resulting joints are not as strong or as corrosion resistant as the inert gas welded joints. Gas welding could give excessive heat distortion and thinner gauges may burn through. All traces of welding or brazing flux must be removed by scrubbing with hot water upon completion.

Heat Treatment: Anneal at 415°C ± 5°C, until all parts have reached the annealing temperature. Stress relief is rarely required, but can be carried out at about 220°C. If loss of strength is of concern, stress relief tests should be conducted.

 

ASTM PRODUCT
SPECIFICATIONS
Specification Title
B209
Aluminium and Aluminium Alloy Sheet and Plate
B210
Aluminium and Aluminium Alloy Drawn Seamless Tubes
B483
Aluminium and Aluminium Alloy Drawn Tubes for General Purpose Applications

 

Characteristics
Corrosion Resistance
Formability
Weldability
Anodising
Machinability
Brazeability
Very Good
Very Good
Very Good
Very Good*
Poor (10%)
Excellent
* (For surface protection only)

 

 


ALUMINIUM 5005

Aluminium alloy 5005 contains nominally 0.8% magnesium. It has medium strength, good weldability, and good corrosion resistance in marine atmospheres. It also has the low density and excellent thermal conductivity common to all aluminium alloys. It is the most commonly used grade of aluminium in sheet and plate form.

Typical Applications

Architectural applications, general sheet metal work, high strength foil.

 

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION
AS/NZS 1734 Aluminium and aluminium alloys – Flat sheet, coiled sheet and plate
Element % Element %
Aluminium
Balance
Manganese
0.20 max
Magnesium
0.5-1.10
Chromium
0.10 max
Silicon
0.30 max
Zinc
0.25 max
Iron
0.7 max
Others (each)
0.05 max
Copper
0.20 max
Others (total)
0.15 max

 

SPECIFIED MECHANICAL PROPERTIES
AS/NZS 1734 Aluminium and aluminium alloys – Flat sheet, coiled sheet and plate
Temper 0.2% Proof Stress
MPa (min)
Tensile Strength
MPa
Elongation
%
O (annealed)
35
105-145
12-22
H12
95
125-165
2-8
H14
115
145-185
1-6
H16
135
165-205
1-3
H18
> 185
1-3
H32
85
115-160
3-9
H34
105
135-180
2-7
H36
125
160-200
1-4
H38
> 180
1-4
† For information only, proof stress is not specified or measured except by prior agreement

 

Temper Condition
O
Annealed
H1x
Strain Hardened Only
H3x
Strain Hardened and then stabilised (i.e. low temperature heat treated to pre-empt natural ageing, by reducing strength and increasing ductility)
Second Digit (x)
8
Full hard
4
Half Hard
6
Three Quarter Hard
2
Quarter Hard

 

Description

Aluminium 5005 is a lean aluminium magnesium alloy which can be hardened by cold work: it is not heat treatable to higher strength.

Austral Wright Metals can supply this alloy as plate, sheet and strip. See Austral Wright Metals Catalogue for normal stock sizes and tempers.

Corrosion Resistance

5005 has the same high resistance to general corrosion as other non heat treatable aluminium alloys. It also has the higher resistance to slightly alkaline conditions common to the 5000 series alloys. The atmospheric corrosion resistance of 5005 is similar to that of 3003. When anodised to improve corrosion resistance, the film on 5005 is clearer than on 3003, and gives better colour match with 6063 architectural extrusions.

The corrosion resistance of aluminium alloys relies on a protective surface oxide film, which when damaged is readily repaired by the rapid reaction between aluminium and oxygen. However, the high reactivity of the base metal can give rapid corrosion if the film cannot be repaired, so aluminium alloys are not suitable for use with reducing media.

Since aluminium is a reactive metal, it may corrode more quickly when in electrical contact with most other metals. The prediction of galvanic corrosion is complex, please consult Austral Wright Metals for specific advice.

Pressure Vessels

AS1210 Pressure Vessels and AS4041 Pressure Piping do not prequalify the alloy for pressure service.

 

Property at value unit

Property at value unit
Density
20°C
2,700
kg/m3
Specific Heat
20°C
900
J/kg . °C
Melting Range
632-655
°C
Mean Coefficient of Expansion
20°C
23.75
x 10-6 / °C
Modulus of Elasticity
Thermal Conductivity
25°C
201
W / m . °C
Tension
20°C
68.2
GPa
Electrical Resistivity
20°C
0.033
micro-ohm . m
Torsion
20°C
25.9
GPa
Electrical Conductivity
Compression
20°C
69.5
GPa
Equal Volume
20°C
52
% IACS
Equal Weight
20°C
172
% IACS

 

Fabrication

Aluminium 5005 is not generally hot worked. It is readily cold formable in the annealed condition, as it is a relatively soft and ductile alloy. Forming loads and tool & press wear are generally less than with carbon steel. For piercing and blanking the punch to die clearance should be about 6% of the thickness per side for the H32 & H34 tempers. Sharp tools are required.

Machinability

5005 is readily machinable by conventional methods. It should be machined at high speed with copious lubrication to avoid thermal distortion of the workpiece. Sharp tools are essential. High speed steel or tungsten carbide may be used. Cuts should be deep and continuous, with high cutting speeds. Woodworking machinery may be suitable for short runs.

Welding

5005 is readily weldable by standard techniques. It is frequently welded with GTAW (TIG) or GMAW (MIG). Aluminium must be very dry & clean to avoid contamination & porosity of the weld. Filler metals 1100, 4043 or 4047 are used. 4043 is the most crack tolerant. Best colour match is obtained with 1188 filler metal. Shielding gas must be dry & free of hydrogen.

Heat Treatment

Aluminium 5005 is annealed at 345°C, time at temperature and cooling rate are unimportant. Stress relief is rarely required, but can be carried out at about 220°C. If loss of strength is of concern, stress relief tests should be conducted.

 

ASTM PRODUCT
SPECIFICATIONS
Specification Title
B209
Aluminium and Aluminium Alloy Sheet and Plate
B316
Aluminium and Aluminium Alloy Rivet & Cold Heading Wire & Rods
B210
Aluminium and Aluminium Alloy Drawn Seamless Tubes
B483
Aluminium and Aluminium Alloy Drawn Tubes for General Purpose Applications

 

 

Typical strength and ductility of alloys 5005 & 5052 in the H32 & H34 tempers

 


ALUMINIUM 5052

Aluminium alloy 5052 contains nominally 2.5% magnesium and 0.25% chromium. It has good workability, medium static strength, high fatigue strength, good weldability, and very good corrosion resistance, especially in marine atmospheres. It also has the low density and excellent thermal conductivity common to all aluminium alloys. It is commonly used in sheet, plate and tube form.

Typical Applications: Architectural, general sheet work ,heat exchangers.

 

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION
AS/NZS 1734 Aluminium and aluminium alloys – Flat sheet, coiled sheet and plate
Element % Element %
Aluminium
Balance
Copper
0.10 max
Magnesium
2.2-2.8
Manganese
0.10 max
Chromium
0.15-0.35
Zinc
0.10 max
Silicon
0.25 max
Others (each)
0.05 max
Iron
0.40 max
Others (total)
0.15 max

 

SPECIFIED MECHANICAL PROPERTIES
AS/NZS 1734 Aluminium and aluminium alloys – Flat sheet, coiled sheet and plate
Temper 0.2% Proof Stress
MPa (min)
Tensile Strength
MPa
Elongation
%
O (annealed)
65
170-215
14-20
H32
160
215-265
4-10
H34
180
235-285
3-8
H36
200
255-305
2-4
H38
220
270 min
2-4
† For information only, proof stress is not specified or measured except by prior agreement

 

Temper Condition
O
Annealed
H1x
Strain Hardened Only
H3x
Strain Hardened and then stabilised (i.e. low temperature heat treated to pre-empt natural ageing, by reducing strength and increasing ductility)
Second Digit (x)
8
Full hard
4
Half Hard
6
Three Quarter Hard
2
Quarter Hard

 

Description

Aluminium 5052 is an aluminium magnesium alloy which can be hardened by cold work: it is not heat treatable to a higher strength. It is about mid way through the series of aluminium magnesium alloys for alloying content and strength. It has excellent fatigue properties, with an endurance limit of 115 MPa in the H32 temper and 125 MPa in the H34 temper.

Austral Wright Metals can supply this alloy as plate, sheet and strip. See Austral Wright Metals Catalogue for normal stock sizes and tempers.

Corrosion Resistance

5052 has the same high resistance to general corrosion as other non heat treatable aluminium alloys. It also has the higher resistance to slightly alkaline conditions common to the 5000 series alloys. The resistance of 5052 to corrosion in marine atmospheres is excellent, hence the requent use of 5052 in marine applications.

The corrosion resistance of aluminium alloys relies on a protective surface oxide film, which when damaged is readily repaired by the rapid reaction between aluminium and oxygen. However, the high reactivity of the base metal can give rapid corrosion if the film cannot be repaired, so aluminium alloys are not suitable for use with reducing media. 5052 can be anodised to improve the corrosion resistance by thickening the protective surface of the film.

Since aluminium is a reactive metal, it may corrode more quickly when in electrical contact with most other metals. The prediction of galvanic corrosion is complex; please consult Austral Wright Metals for specific advice.

Pressure Vessels

AS1210 Pressure Vessels and AS4041 Pressure Piping prequalify the alloy for pressure service for temperatures up to 200°C.

 

Property at value unit

Property at value unit
Density
20°C
2,680
kg/m3
Mean Coefficient of Expansion
20°C
23.75
x 10-6 / °C
Melting Range
607-650
°C
Thermal Conductivity
25°C
138
W / m . °C
Modulus of Elasticity
Electrical Resistivity
20°C
0.050
micro-ohm . m
Tension
20°C
69.3
GPa
Electrical Conductivity
Torsion
20°C
25.9
GPa
Equal Volume
20°C
35
% IACS
Compression
20°C
70.7
GPa
Equal Weight
20°C
116
% IACS

 

Fabrication

Aluminium 5052 is not generally hot worked. It is very readily cold formable in the annealed condition, as it is ductile. Forming loads and tool & press wear are generally less than with carbon steel. For piercing and blanking the punch to die clearance should be about 7% fo the thickness per side for the H32 & H34 tempers. Sharp tools are required.

Machinability

5052 is readily machinable by conventionla methods. It should be machined at high speed with copious lubrication to avoid thermal distortion of the workpiece. Sharp tools are essential. High speed steel or tungsten carbide may be used. cuts should be deep and continuous, with high cutting speeds. Woodworking machinery may be suitable for short runs.

Welding

5052 is readily weldable by standard techniques. It is frequently welded with GTAW (TIG) or GMAW (MIG). Aluminium must be very dry & clean to avoid contamination and porosity of the weld. Filler metals 1100, 4043 or 4047 are used. 4043 is the most crack tolerant. Best colour match is obtained with 1188 filler metal. Shielding gas must be dry and free of hydrogen.

Heat Treatment

Aluminium 5052 is annealed at 345°C, time at temperature and cooling rate are unimportant. Stress relief is rarely required, but can be carried out at about 220°C. If loss of strength is of concern, stress relief tests should be conducted.

 

ASTM PRODUCT
SPECIFICATIONS
Specification Title
B209
Aluminium and Aluminium Alloy Sheet and Plate
B316
Aluminium and Aluminium Alloy Rivet & Cold Heading Wire & Rods
B210
Aluminium and Aluminium Alloy Drawn Seamless Tubes
B483
Aluminium and Aluminium Alloy Drawn Tubes for General Purpose Applications

 

 

Typical strength and ductility of alloys 5005 & 5052 in the H32 & H34 tempers

 


ALUMINIUM 5083

Aluminium alloy 5083 contains nominally 4.5% magnesium, 0.6% manganese and 0.1% chromium. In the tempered condition, it is strong, and retains good formability due to excellent ductility. 5083 has high resistance to corrosion, and is used in marine applications. It has the low density and excellent thermal conductivity common to all aluminium alloys.

Typical Applications

require a weldable alloy of high to moderate strength, with good corrosion resistance. Marine applications, unfired welded pressure vessels, TV towers, drilling rigs, transportation equipment, armour plate.

 

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION
AS/NZS 1734 Aluminium and aluminium alloys – Flat sheet, coiled sheet and plate
Element % Element %
Aluminium
Balance
Silicon
0.40 max
Magnesium
4.0-4.9
Iron
0.40 max
Manganese
0.40-1.0
Copper
0.10 max
Chromium
0.40-1.0
Others (each)
0.05 max
Others (total)
0.15 max

 

SPECIFIED MECHANICAL PROPERTIES
AS/NZS 1734 Aluminium and aluminium alloys – Flat sheet, coiled sheet and plate
Temper 0.2% Proof Stress
MPa (min)
Tensile Strength
MPa
Elongation
% (min)
O (annealed)
125-200
275-350
14
H112
125
275
10
H116
215
305
10
H321
215-295
305-385
10
† For information only, proof stress is not specified or measured except by prior agreement
‡ Minimum elongation, actual value depends on thickness – thicker gauges have higher elongation.

 

Equivalent Specifications

USA: AA 5083; UK: BS 5083; Germany: DINAlMg4.5Mn; Europe: EN AW-A 5083; Japan: JIS A5083P; France NF A5083; ISO: Al Mg4.5Mn0.7

The properties in this data sheet meet Australian/New Zealand Standard AS/NZS 1734:1997 Aluminium and aluminium alloys – Flat Sheet, coiled sheet and plate (equivalent to BS EN 573-1). Alloy 5083 can be supplied to meet other national standards.

 

Temper Condition
O
Annealed
H1x
Strain Hardened Only
H2x
Strain Hardened then partially anealed
H3x
Strain Hardened and then stabilised (i.e. low temperature heat treated to pre-empt natural ageing, by reducing strength and increasing ductility)
Second Digit (x)
8
Full hard
4
Half Hard
6
Three Quarter Hard
2
Quarter Hard

 

Description

Aluminium 5083 is a strong magnesium-manganese-chromium-aluminium-alloy. It can be hardened by cold work, but is not heat treatable to higher strength. It has good ductility for the strength level, better than most other 5000 series alloys (see figure)

Austral Wright Metals can supply this alloy as plate, sheet and strip. See Austral Wright Metals Catalogue for normal stock sizes and tempers.

Pressure Vessels

AS1210 Pressure Vessels prequalify the alloy 5083 for pressure service for temperatures up to 65°C in the O, H112 & H321 tempers.

Corrosion Resistance

Alloy 5083 has excellent resistance to general corrosion, and is used in marine applications. Resistance is excellent in aqueous solutions in the pH range 4-9.

The corrosion resistance of aluminium alloys relies on a protective surface oxide film, which when damaged is readily repaired by the rapid reaction between aluminium and oxygen. However, the high reactivity of the base metal can give rapid corrosion if the film cannot be repaired, so aluminium alloys are not suitable for use with reducing media. Alloy 5083 can be anodised to improve the corrosion resistance by thickening the protective surface film.

Alloy 5083 can be susceptible to exfoliation corrosion in severe applications. Material in the H116 temper is least susceptible, and passes the ASTM G66 Exfoliation Susceptibility Test (ASSET Test). AS 1734 suggests alloy 5083 should not be used above 65°C.

Since aluminium is a reactive metal, it may corrode more quickly when in electrical contact with most other metals. The prediction of galvanic corrosion is complex; please consult Austral Wright Metals for specific advice.

 

Property at value unit

Property at value unit
Density
20°C
2,660
kg/m3
Melting Range
574-638
°C
Weight
2.66 x thickness in mm
Mean Coefficient of Expansion
20°C
23.75
x 10-6 / °C
Modulus of Elasticity
Thermal Conductivity
25°C
120
W / m . °C
Tension
20°C
70.3
GPa
Electrical Resistivity
20°C
0.060
micro-ohm . m
Torsion
20°C
26.4
GPa
Electrical Conductivity (all tempers)
20°C
29
% IACS
Compression
20°C
71.7
GPa

 

Fabrication

Aluminium 5083 is readily cold formable, as it is ductile. Forming loads and tool & press wear are generally less than with carbon steel. For piercing and blanking the punch to die clearance should be about 7% of the thickness per side for temper O, 7.5% for other tempers.

Welding

Alloy 5083 is readily welded by the TIG and MIG processes using 5183, 5356 or 5556 filler alloys. Welding the H116 temper will reduce the tensile and yield strengths in the heat affected zone to those of the annealed condition. Aluminium must be very dry & clean to avoid contamination & porosity of the weld. It is essential that all traces of flux used in welding or brazing are removed by scrubbing with hot water.

Heat Treatment

Alloy 5083 is annealed at 350°C, time at temperature and cooling rate are unimportant. Stress relief is rarely required, but can be carried out at about 220°C. If loss of strength is of concern, stress relief tests should be conducted.

 

Characteristics
Corrosion Resistance
Formability
Weldability
Anodising
Machinability
Brazeability
Very Good
Good (H116)
Very Good
Fair
Fair
Poor
5083 is anodised for corrosion protection only

 

 

Comparison Of Yield Strength & Elongation With Magnesium Contentfor commercial alloys – annealed temper

 


 

HANDLING AND STORING ALUMINIUM

Aluminium is one of the easiest materials to keep in good condition. It has a high natural resistance to corrosive conditions normally encountered during shipment and storage and a little care will maintain its original appearance for a long time. Aluminium is often used for its appearance, so it is worth the effort to maintain the surface, which is much more cost effective than restoring it. The principal things to guard against are surface abrasion and water stains.
Austral Wright Metals always pack aluminium to prevent traffic or rub marks during shipment and to keep it dry. All incoming shipments should be inspected promptly. Traffic marks may appear as scratches, surface abrasions, or a condition resembling cinders embedded in the metal. They result from mechanical abrasion and subsequent oxidation of the abraded areas. Their principal disadvantage is their unsightliness and their effect on finishing operations.
To avoid traffic marks AWM pack the metal to prevent undue flexing or twisting and items rubbing against each other. Products are usually packed on skids or in timber boxes. Paper or cardboard is used where necessary for cushioning thin or soft metal. Strapping is used to reinforce skids and boxes and to bind wrapped bundles, but never contacts the product directly.
Water stains look non-metallic and are usually whitish, but may be iridescent, depending on the alloy and degree of oxidation. They are caused by moisture trapped between the surfaces of closely packed sheets. The purer aluminium alloys are more resistant to water stain, and the most susceptible are the high magnesium 5xxx and 6xxx series alloys. Water stain is superficial and the mechanical properties are not affected. If aluminium does get wet, it should be thoroughly dried before storing – by evaporation in air or by dry air currents. When the moisture is removed soon after the metal gets wet, no stain will result. Even if staining has started, when the aluminium is dried the stain will not develop further. The metal should not be stored near water sources such as steam and water pipes, and it should be kept at reasonable distance from open doors and windows.
Condensation is the most common cause of water stains. Under severe conditions, condensation may also cause fairly uniform surface deterioration, which may only become apparent if the material is subsequently etched and anodised. Condensation will be prevented by keeping the temperature of the metal above the dew point of the air. So it is important to avoid a sudden fall in temperature or increase in humidity in the storage area.
Aluminium in original boxes should never be left in the open – greater variations in temperature and humidity outdoors increase the possibility of condensation. Even if the package is “waterproof”, the seal will not be perfect and outdoor storage is highly undesirable. Waterproof packages are designed to protect the metal during shipment and are not meant for extended exposure to the weather.
Where water stains have occurred, the degree of staining may be judged by the relative roughness of the stained area. If the surface is reasonably smooth, the stain is superficial and the appearance can be improved by mechanical or chemical treatments. Scratch-brushing or rubbing with stainless steel wool and oil is effective in removing water stain. Alternatively, a chemical dip in 10% sulphuric + 3% chromic acid at 80ºC will brighten the surface without undue etching.
When storing aluminium avoid contact with other metals, which will cause scratches or other marks. Racks and bins faced with plastic or wood are recommended. It is also good practice to keep chemicals such as acids, alkalis, caustics, nitrates and phosphates away from aluminium.
Oldest stock should always be used first. Occasional checking of the stock on hand will help to prevent any serious corrosion and assist with the problem of age hardening.

WORKING AND SHAPING ALUMINIUM

The cleanest possible working conditions and good housekeeping are a must to prevent contamination of surfaces by metal swarf and/or dust. Physical damage to the surface should be avoided for best corrosion resistance.
Use a hard pencil lead for scribing – steel scribing tools should not be used. Rinsing fabricated and welded parts with nitric acid (at least 15%) gives a clean surface and proper restoration of the protective natural oxide film.
Welding to recognised good practice includes scrupulous cleaning and drying of the surfaces before welding to avoid cracking.
Grease can be used to protect or seal spaces and openings forming part of removable items (bolted or screwed assemblies). On no account should the grease contain graphite or molybdenum disulphide, as these will promote corrosion.
For bonded assemblies, the adhesive should be chosen both for strength and also to avoid deleterious side effects (eg. decomposition of the adhesive caused by moisture).
The need for care and maintenance of natural, anodised or prepainted surfaces depends on the environment and the type of exposure. These factors determine the frequency of washing. Detergents etc should be checked for harmful action on the surface concerned. For applications involving food, cleaning products complying with current regulations must be used.


RECOMMENDED BENDING RADII FOR SHEET AND PLATE

Recommended Minimum Inside Bending Radii for 90 Degree Cold Forming of Sheet and Plate123 
(Bending transverse to rolling direction)

Alloy Temper Radii for Various Thicknesses Expressed in Terms of Thickness t

0.4 mm

0.8mm
1.6mm
3.0mm
4.0mm
6.0mm
10.0mm
12.0mm
1080A
O
0t
0t
0t
0t
0t
0.5t
0.5t
1t
1050
H12
0t
0t
0t
0t
0t
0.5t
1t
1.5t
1350
H14
0t
0t
0t
0.5t
0.5t
1t
1.5t
2t
1150
H16
0t
0t
0.5t
1t
H18
0.5t
1t
1.5t
2t
1100
O
0t
0t
0t
0t
0t
0.5t
1t
1.5t
1200
H12
0t
0t
0t
0.5t
1t
1t
1.5t
2t
H14
0t
0t
0t
1t
1t
1.5t
2t
2.5t
H16
0t
0.5t
1t
1.5t
H18
1t
1.5t
2t
3t
20242
O
0t
1t
1t
1t
1t
1t
2.5t
4t
T42
2.5t
3t
4t
5t
5t
6t
7t
8t
3003
O
0t
0t
0t
0t
0.5t
1t
1t
1.5t
3203
H12
0t
0t
0t
0.5t
1t
1t
1.5t
2t
3005
H14
0t
0t
0t
1t
1t
1.5t
2t
2.5t
50054
H16
0.5t
1t
1t
1.5t
H18
1t
1.5t
2t
3t
3004
O
0t
0t
0t
0.5t
1t
1t
H32
0t
0t
0.5t
1t
1t
1.5t
H34
0t
1t
1t
1.5t
1.5t
2.5t
H36
1t
1t
1.5t
2.5t
H38
1t
1.5t
2.5t
3t
5050A
O
0t
0t
0t
0.5t
1t
1t
H32
0t
0t
0t
1t
1t
1.5t
H34
0t
0t
1t
1.5t
1.5t
2t
H36
1t
1t
1.5t
2t
H38
1t
1.5t
2.5t
3t
5052
O
0t
0t
0t
0.5t
1t
1t
1.5t
1.5t
5251
H32
0t
0t
1t
1.5t
1.5t
1.5t
1.5t
2t
H34
0t
1t
1.5t
2t
2t
2.5t
2.5t
3t
H36
1t
1t
1.5t
2.5t
H38
1t
1.5t
2.5t
3t
5154A
O
0t
0t
0.5t
1t
1t
1t
1.5t
1.5t
5454
H32
0t
0.5t
1t
1.5t
1.5t
2t
2.5t
3.5t
H34
0.5t
1t
1.5t
2t
2.5t
3t
3.5t
4t
H112
2t
2.5t
3t
5083
O
0.5t
1t
1t
1t
1.5t
1.5t
H311
1t
1.5t
1.5t
1.5t
2t
2.5t
H321
1.5t
1.5t
2t
2t
2t
2.5t
3t
H323
1.5t
2t
2.5t
3t
H343
2t
3t
3.5t
4t
5086
O
0t
0t
0.5t
1t
1t
1t
1.5t
1.5t
H32
0t
1.5t
1.5t
2t
2t
2t
2.5t
3t
H34
0.5t
1t
1.5t
2t
2.5t
3t
3.5t
4t
H36
3t
3.5t
H112
1.5t
2t
2t
2.5t
60612
O
0t
0t
0t
1t
1t
1t
1.5t
2t
T4 & T42
0t
0.5t
1t
1.5t
2.5t
3t
3.5t
4t
T6 & T62
1t
1t
1.5t
2.5t
3t
4t
4.5t
5t

Footnotes 
1 The Radii listed are the minimum recommended for bending sheets and plates without fracturing in a standard press brake with air bend dies. Other types of bending operations may require larger radii or permit smaller radii. The minimum permissible radii will also vary with the design and condition of tooling.
2 Heat-treatable alloys can be formed over appreciably smaller radii immediately after solution heat treatment.
3 The H112 temper (applicable to non-heat-treatable alloys) is supplied in the as-fabricated condition without special property control, but usually can be formed over radii applicable to the H14 (or H34) temper or smaller.
4 Applicable to 5005 H1X and H3X tempers.


CORROSION RATINGS FOR ALUMINIUM

These corrosion tables apply specifically to the 1000 and 5000 series of wrought alloys, but may be applied to the 4000 and 6000 series of wrought alloys and to Casting Alloys 135, 160 Q, 123, 360, 320, 340 and 360.
Anodising improves the resistance because of the more perfect and thicker oxide film and because of its scratch and abrasion resistance.

Powder Coating has excellent resistance to natural weathering that provides good chemical and corrosion resistance.

A Excellent Resistance (corrosion so slight as to be harmless).
B Good Resistance (satisfactory service expected).
C Fair Resistance (satisfactory service only under specific conditions; aluminium not recommended without additional data).
D Poor Resistance (satisfactory for temporary service only; aluminium should not be used without test experiment).

Note : The following guide list indicates in a very general way the resistance of commercially pure aluminium to attack by chemicals and other common substances. Because the chemical behaviour of aluminium is dependent upon conditions of service, environment, the actual composition of the metal etc., engineers should always be consulted in cases of doubt.

 

Test Solution
Corrosion Resistance Test Solution Corrosion Resistance
Acetaldehyde
A
Ammonium Fuoride
C
Acetanilide
A
Ammonium Hydroxide
B
Acetic Acid, Glacial, 95% & higher
A
Ammonium Lactate
B
Acetic Acid, Diluted (elevated temp)
C
Ammonium Nitrate
A
Acetic Anhydride
A
Ammonium Phosphate (up to 3%)
B
Acetone
A
Ammonium Sulphate (no free sulphuric acid)
B
Acetylene (dry)
A
Ammonium Sulphate
B
Acrylonitrile (dry)
A
Ammonium Thiocyanate (pure)
A
Acrylonitrile (wet)
B
Amyl Acetate
A
Adipic Acid
A
Aniline (liquid)
C
Albumen
A
Aniline Hydrochloride
C
Aluminium Chloride
C
Aniline Sulphate
B
Aluminium Formate
A
Aniline (vapours)
A
Aluminium Nitrate (no free nitric acid)
A
Animal Oils
A
Aluminium Sulphate
B
Anthracene
A
Ammonia (dry)
A
Anthranilic Acid
D
Ammonium Acid Fluoride
D
Anthraquinone
A
Ammonium Aluminium Sulphate
B
Apple Juice
B
Ammonium Bicarbonate
A
Arsenic Iodide
B
Ammonium Bromide
C
Asphalt
A
Ammonium Carbonate
B

 

 

Test Solution
Corrosion Resistance Test Solution Corrosion Resistance
Barium Chloride
C
Borax
B
Barium Hydroxide
D
Boric Acid
A
Beer
A
Brandy
B
Benzaldehyde
A
Bromine
D
Benzene
A
Bromoform
C
Benzoic Acid
A
Buttermilk
A
Benzol (Benzel alcohol)
A
Butyl Acetate
A
Benzoyl Chloride (dry & below 200°F)
B
Butyraldehyde
A
Bitumen
A
Butyric Acid
B
Bituminous Compounds
A

 

Test Solution
Corrosion Resistance Test Solution Corrosion Resistance
Calcium Carbide (dry)
A
Chlorine (dry)
A
Calcium Carbonate
B
Chlorine (v.c. with water)
D
Calcium Chloride
C
Chloroform (boiling)
C
Calcium Hydrosulphide
A
Chloroform (room temp-dry)
B
CalciumHydroxide
C
Chromic Nitrate
B
Calcium Hypochlorite
C
Chromic Sesquoxide
A
Calcium Nitrate
A
Cider
B
Calcium Oxalate
C
Citric Acid
B
Calcium Sulphate
B
Clay
A
Calcium Sulphide
B
Coal, Coke
A
Camphor
B
Coal, Gas
B
Carbolic Acid (phenol) below 100°C
A
Cobaltous Chloride
D
Carbon Black
B
Cod Liver Oil
A
Carbon Dioxide
A
Cognac
B
Carbon Disulphide
A
Copal
A
Carbonic Acid (dilute)
A
Cork (dry)
A
Carbon Monoxide
A
Cork (wet)
C
Carbon Tetrachloride (dry)
B
Cottonseed Oil
A
Castor Oil
A
Cream of Tartar
B
Cellulose
A
Creosote
B
Cellulose Acetate
A
Cresol (below 100°C)
A
Cement, Wet
B
Crotonaldehyde
A
Cement, Dry
A
Crude Petroleum
A
Ceresine
A
Cupric Acetate
D
Cereals (dry)
A
Cupric Chloride
D
Cerium Nitrate
A
Cupric Nitrate
D
Chalk (dry)
A
Cupric Sulphate
D
Cheese
B
Cyanoacetic Acid
B
Chloride of Lime (Calcium Hypochlorite)
C

 

Test Solution
Corrosion Resistance Test Solution Corrosion Resistance
Dairy Products
A
Dialycolic Acid
C
Diammonium Hydrogen Phosphate
C
Dipetene
A
Dichlorodifluoromethane (Freon-E-12)
A
Diphenyl Ether
A
Dichloroethylene (dry)
B
Distilled Water
A
Dichloromonofluoromethane (Freon F-21)
B
Dried Bulk Vegetables
A
Dichlorotetrafuoromethane (Freon F-114)
A
Dyestuffs (acid or direct)
B
Diethyl Ether
A
Dynamite
A

 

Test Solution
Corrosion Resistance Test Solution Corrosion Resistance
Eau de Cologne
C
Ethyl Chloride (dry)
A
Edible Fats
A
Ethylene Bromide
C
Edible Oils
A
Ethylene Glycol
B
Essential Oils
A
Ethyl Oxalate
A
Ethers
A
Eucalyptus Oil
A
Ethyl Alcohol (not anhydrous)
A

 

Test Solution
Corrosion Resistance Test Solution Corrosion Resistance
Fats
A
Fluorspar
A
Fatty Acids
A
Fly Ash
C
Ferric Chloride
D
Forest Products
B
Ferric Nitrate
C
Formaldehyde
B
Ferrous Ammonium Sulphate
B
Freon 11
B
Ferrous Carbonate (up to 10% conc.)
B
Freon 22
A
Ferrous Sulphate
B
Freon 113
B
Flour, other Milled Products
A
Fruit Juices
B
Fluoboric Acid
D
Fuels, Liquid
A
Fluorine Gas (dry)
A
Furfural
A

 

Test Solution
Corrosion Resistance Test Solution Corrosion Resistance
Gallic Acid
A
Gluconic Acid
A
Gas, Illuminating
A
Glucose
A
Gases, Argon, Helium, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, LPG, others
A
Glue (neutral)
B
Gasoline (anhydrous)
A
Glycerine (pure)
A
Gelatine
A
Glyceryl Phosphate
A
Gin
B
Grape Sugar (glucose)
A

 

Test Solution
Corrosion Resistance Test Solution Corrosion Resistance
Hexamethylenetetramine
A
Hydrogen Peroxide (30% and higher)
A
Hydrobromic Acid
D
Hydrogen Peroxide (dilute)
B
Hydrochloric Acid
D
Hydrogen Sulphide
A
Hydrocyonic Acid
A
Hydroquinone
A
Hydrofluoric Acid
D

 

Test Solution
Corrosion Resistance Test Solution Corrosion Resistance
Ice
A
Ink
C
Indole
A
Iodine
C

 

Test Solution
Corrosion Resistance Test Solution Corrosion Resistance
Kerosene
A

 

Test Solution
Corrosion Resistance Test Solution Corrosion Resistance
Lacquers
A
Levulinic Acid
A
Lactic Acid
B
Lignite Wax
A
Lactose
A
Lime, dry
A
Lard Oil
A
Lime, wet
C
Latex
A
Linseed Oil
A
Lead Acetate, Basic
C
Liquid Fuels
A
Lead Acetate, Primary
C
Liquors
B
Lead Acetate, Secondary
C
Lithium Hydroxide
C
Lead Arsenate
B
Lubricating Oils
A
Lemon Juice
B

 

Test Solution
Corrosion Resistance Test Solution Corrosion Resistance
Madder Lacquer
A
Mercury Salts
D
Magnesium Acetate (up to 10% conc.)
A
Metaldehyde
A
Magnesium Chloride
C
Methylamine
A
Magnesium Formate (up to 1% conc.)
B
Methyl Chloride
D
Magnesium Nitrate (up to 10% conc.)
B
Methyl Cyclohexamine
A
Magnesium Perchlorate
A
Methyl Formate
A
Magnesium Sulphate
B
Methyl Salicylate
A
Maleic Anhydride
C
Milk
A
Malic Acid
B
Milk Sugar
A
Mannitol
A
Mineral Oils
A
Margarine
A
Molasses, Blackstrap or Residual
B
Meat, Unsalted
A
Molasses, Refined
A
Mercury
D
Moulds
A
Menthol
A
Methyl Ethyl Ketone
A
Mercuric Chloride
D
Monoethanolomine
A
Mercury Fulminate
D

 

Test Solution
Corrosion Resistance Test Solution Corrosion Resistance
Napthalene
B
Nicotine
A
Naphthenic Acid (up to 82°C)
A
Nicotine Sulphate
A
Naphthol
A
Nitric Acid (dilute)
D
Naphthylamine
C
Nitric Acid (concentrated over 80%)
A
Naval Stores
A
Nitrogen
A
Nickel Acetate (up to 10% conc.)
B
Nitrogen Fertilisers
A
Nickel Ammonium Sulphate (up to 10% conc.)
C
Nitroglycerine
A
Nickel Chloride
D
Nitrous Acid
B
Nickel Nitrate (up to 10% conc.)
C
Nitrous Oxide (dry)
A
Nickel Sulphate (up to 10% conc.)
C
Nitrous Oxide (wet)
C

 

Test Solution
Corrosion Resistance Test Solution Corrosion Resistance
Oils, Fuels & Lube
A
Orange Juice
B
Oils, Transformer
A
Ores, Bauxite, Zinc, Lead, Nickel
A
Oils, Animal
A
Ores, Copper, Mercury
C
Oils, Edible
A
Organic Amines
B
Oils, Mineral
A
Oxalic Acid
C
Oils, Vegetable
A
Oxygen
A
Oleic Acid
A
Ozone (dry)
A
Olive Oil
A
Ozone (wet)
A
Onion Juice
B

 

Test Solution
Corrosion Resistance Test Solution Corrosion Resistance
Paints, Oil Base
A
Plastic Pellets, Polyethylene Polyvinyl Chloride, Polypropylene, Polystyrene
A
Paints, Copper Mercury
C
Potassium Bicarbonate
A
Palmitic Acid
B
Potassium Bichromate
A
Palm Oil
A
Potassium Bitartrate
B
Paraffin
A
Potassium Bromide
B
Paraldehyde
B
Potassium Carbonate
C
Paste
A
Potassium Chlorate
A
Peanut Oil
A
Potassium Chloride
B
Perchlorethylene (dry)
A
Potassium Chromate
A
Perlite
A
Potassium Cyanide
C
Petroleum (chlorine free)
A
Potassium Dichromate
A
Petroleum Products, refined
A
Potassium Ferricyanide
A
Phosphate Fertilisers
C
Potassium Hydroxide
D
Phosphate Rock
C
Potassium Nitrate
A
Phosphoric Acid
C
Potassium Nitrite
A
Pickles
C
Potassium Permanganate
A
Plaster
B
Potassium Phosphate
C
Phenol (up to 100°C)
A
Potassium Silicate
B
Phloroglucinol
A
Potassium Sulphate
A
Phosphorus (dry)
A
Potassium Thiocyanate
A
Phosphorus Pentoxide (dry)
A
Propionic Acid (conc.)
B
Phosphorus Sesquisulphide (dry)
A
Propionic Acid (dilute)
C
Phthalic Acid (pure)
A
Propylene Glycol
A
Picric Acid
A
Pyridine
B
Pinene
A
Pyrogallol
A
Pine Oil
A
Pyroligneous Acid
B

 

Test Solution
Corrosion Resistance Test Solution Corrosion Resistance
Rayon
A
Rice
A
Refrigerants
B
Rosin
A
Resins
A
Rubber Products, Crude, Natural, Synthetic
A
Resorcinol
A

 

Test Solution
Corrosion Resistance Test Solution Corrosion Resistance
Salicylic Acid
A
Sodium Nitrate
A
Salted Herring
C
Sodium Nitrite
A
Salt, Wet or Dry
C
Sodium Oxalate
B
Sand, Gravel
A
Sodium Peroxide
C
Sea Foods, Fish
A
Sodium Phosphate
C
Selenic Acid
A
Sodium Silicate
B
Selenous Acid
A
Sodium Sulphite
B
Semolina
A
Sodium Sulphate
A
Sewage
B
Sodium Sulphocyanide
A
Shellac
A
Sodium Thioarsenate
B
Silica Gel
A
Sodium Thiosulphate
B
Silicon tetrachloride (dry)
A
Stannous Bromide
D
Silk
A
Stannous Chloride
D
Silver Salts
D
Stannous Sulphate
D
Soap
C
Starch
A
Soda Ash
C
Steam, Low Pressure
A
Soda Water
B
Stearic Acid
A
Sodium Acetate
A
Strontium Acetate (up to 10% conc.)
A
Sodium Bichromate
B
Succinic Acid
A
Sodium Bicarbonate (dry)
B
Sugar
A
Sodium Bisulphate
C
Sugar Solutions
A
Sodium Bisulphite
B
Sugar Syrup
A
Sodium Bitartrate
B
Sulphur Dioxide (dry)
A
Sodium Borate
B
Sulphur, Liquid, Solid, Vapour
A
Sodium Chlorate
B
Sulphur Trioxide (dry)
A
Sodium Chloride
C
Sulphuric Acid (in excess of 98%)
A
Sodium Chromate
A
Sulphuric Acid (below 98%)
D
Sodium Cyanide
C
Sulphuric Ether
A
Sodium Fluosilicate (up to 1% conc.)
A
Sulphurous Acid
C
Sodium Fuoride, Acid
C
Sulphuryl Chloride (dry)
B
Sodium Hydrogen Sulphate
C
Synthetic Resins
B
Sodium Hydroxide
D
Synthetic Rubbers
A
Sodium Lactate
C

 

Test Solution
Corrosion Resistance Test Solution Corrosion Resistance
Tanners Bate
B
Transformer Oil
A
Tannic Acid (pure)
A
Triocetin
B
Tars
A
Tichloroacetic Acid
D
Tartaric Acid
B
Tichlorethylene (dry)
B
Tetrachlorethylene (dry)
B
Tichlorotyfluorethane (F-113)
B
Tetralin
B
Triethonolamine
B
Tetramine
A
Tripoly Phosphate
C
Thorium Nitrate
C
Tripotassium Phosphate
C
Tobacco
A
Turpentine
A
Toluene
A

 

 

Test Solution
Corrosion Resistance Test Solution Corrosion Resistance
Ultramarine
A
Urea
A

 

Test Solution
Corrosion Resistance Test Solution Corrosion Resistance
Valeric Acid (up to 50% conc.)
A
Vegetable Oils, linseed, cottonseed, soy bean, peanut etc.
A
Varnish
A

 

Test Solution
Corrosion Resistance Test Solution Corrosion Resistance
Water, Distilled
A
Waxes
A
Water, Industrial
C
Wheat, corn and other grains
A
Water, Rain
A
Whisky
B
Water, Sea
C
Wine
B
Water, Tap
C

 

Test Solution
Corrosion Resistance Test Solution Corrosion Resistance
Xylene
A

 

Test Solution
Corrosion Resistance Test Solution Corrosion Resistance
Zinc Acetate (up to 10% conc.)
A
Zinc Oxide (up to 10% conc.)
B
Zinc Chloride
D
Zinc Sulphate (up to 10% conc.)
C

 

 

 

The technical advice and recommendations made in this Product Data Sheet should not be relied or acted upon without conducting your own further investigations, including corrosion exposure tests where needed. Please consult current editions of standards for design properties. Austral Wright Metals assumes no liability in connection with the information in this Product Data Sheet. Austral Wright Metals supplies a comprehensive range of stainless steels, copper alloys, nickel alloys and other high performance metals for challenging service conditions.  Our engineers and metallurgists will be pleased to provide further data and applications advice.

 

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