Stainless Steels Nitronic 50 S20910

Product Data Sheets   Stainless Steels

Nitronic 50, 50HS  UNS S20910

NITRONIC 50 is a high strength austenitic stainless steel with excellent corrosion resistance, used where grades 316 and 316L are only marginal.

NITRONIC 50HS is a higher strength version, available only in heavy section bar.

Chemical Composition

Chromium Nickel Molybdenum Manganese Nitrogen Niobium Vanadium Carbon Iron
20.5-23.5% 11.5-13.5% 1.5-3.0% 4.0-6.0% 0.2-0.4% 0.1-0.3% 0.1-0.3% 0.06% max balance

Typical Applications

Pumps, valves and fittings, fasteners, cables, chains, screens & wire cloth, marine hardware, boat shafting, non magnetic fasteners & chains, heat exchanger parts, in the petroleum, petrochemical, chemical, pulp and paper, textile, food processing & marine industries.

Specified Minium Mechanical Properties

Annealed and High Strength Bar

Nitronic 50
Nitronic 50HS
Up to 170mm
Diameter
171mm to 258mm
Diameter
63mm to 152mm
Diameter
153mm to 216mm
Diameter
217mm to 242mm
Diameter
Property
Unit
0.2% Proof Stress
MPa
380
345
760
620
620
Tensile Strength
MPa 690 655 895 860 825
Elongation
% in 2″ 35 20 15 20 20

All NITRONIC 50 and 50HS is supplied with a test certificate proving compliance with these minimum mechanical properties.

Description

NITRONIC 50 is an austenitic stainless steel with an outstanding combination of strength, toughness and corrosion resistance.  It can be supplied in the annealed condition, with yield strength over 50% higher than grades 316 and 316L, with better corrosion resistance.  It is also available as NITRONIC 50HS with high strength, attained by special processing techniques.  The superior strength of NITRONIC 50HS is size dependent, approaching that of annealed bars at diameters of over 75 mm, but at sizes up to 32 mm a yield strength of 895 MPa can be obtained – about four times the strength of grade 316.

Availability

Austral Wright Metals can supply Nitronic 50 as bar, wire, forgings, forging billets and precision balanced shafts.  Nitronic 50HS is available as bar and precision balanced shafts.

Comparison of Tensile Properties

Bars of  NITRONIC 50, 50HS and grades 304(L), 316(L) (ASTM A479)

Stainless Steels Nitronic 50 S20910 Stainless Steels Nitronic 50 S20910

Corrosion Resistance

The high chromium and molybdenum contents of NITRONIC 50 & 50HS give outstanding corrosion resistance, superior to grades 316 and 316L in many media, and rivalling nickel alloys in seawater.  For most applications, the 1065°C annealed condition provides adequate corrosion resistance and a higher strength level.  In very corrosive media, or where the material is to be used in the as welded condition, the 1120°C condition should be specified.  NITRONIC 50HS bars are useful for applications such as shafts & bolts, but do not quite have the corrosion resistance of the annealed condition in all environments.

After exposure to 5% NaCl fog at 35°C for 500 hours, and after exposure to marine atmospheres 24 m from the high water line at Kure Beach, USA, for 7½ years, no change was visible in NITRONIC 50.  Similar exposure to marine atmospheres produces light staining on grade 316 stainless steel.

NITRONIC 50 has given satisfactory service in challenging corrosion conditions such as pump parts for sodium carbamate (an intermediate in the production of urea), in sour gas service for oilfield equipment, in food handling equipment and in boat shafting used in seawater.

As with other austenitic stainless steels, NITRONIC 50 may undergo stress corrosion cracking in hot chloride environments.  Testing in boiling 42% magnesium chloride solution, a very accelerated test, shows NITRONIC 50 is between grades 304 and 316 in cracking resistance.  There is little difference in susceptibility whether in the annealed, high strength or cold drawn conditions.

Fabrication

The fabricating equipment and techniques used for austenitic stainless steels can be used.  In-process annealing should be done at 1120°C.

Cooling practices are the same as those required for grade 304.  Forging temperatures of 1175°C to 1230°C are recommended.

Machinability

Slower speeds and higher feeds are required compared to austenitic stainless steels.  NITRONIC 50 can be machined at approximately half the cutting rate used for grades 304 and 316.  Heavy machines and tools are needed.  Tools should not be allowed to slide over the alloy, & cutting action should be initiated as soon as possible.  The alloy gives good surface finish.

Weldability

NITRONIC 50 has good welding characteristics, similar to austenitic stainless steels.  Any of the usual arc welding processes can be used. Preheat or post weld annealing are not generally needed.  To avoid weld metal hot cracking, choose weld filler metal to give a ferrite number of about 6.  Retaining the low magnetic permeability of parent metal requires post weld heat treatment to remove the ferrite.

NITRONIC 50W welding consumables are available to give welds of comparable strength and corrosion resistance to the base metal.  Sound weld joints of lower strength and corrosion resistance may be made using conventional austenitic filler metals such as grades 308(L) and 309(L).

 

Physical Properties

Property
At
Value
Unit
Density
7,800 Kg/m3
Electrical Conductivity
24°C 1.7% IACS
Electrical Resistivity
21°C 0.82 Microhm.m
Poisson’s Ratio
0.259
Modulus of Elasticity (tension)
193.1 GPa
Modulus of Elasticity (torsion)
71.7 GPa
Thermal Conductivity
150°C 15.6 W/m °K
315°C 17.9 W/m °K
Cofficient of Expansion
21-93°C 16.2 x10-6 / °C
21-204°C 16.6 x10-6 / °C
21-540°C 18.4 x10-6 / °C

NITRONIC 50 is non-magnetic, even when severely cold worked (magnetic permeability 1.004 or less).

NITRONIC 50 is covered by the following specifications

as grade XM-19 (UNS S20910)

Specification Title
ASTM A240
Heat-resisting chromium & chromium-nickel stainless steel plate, sheet & strip for pressure vessels
ASTM A479
Stainless steel bars & shapes for use in boilers & other pressure vessels
ASTM A276
Stainless steel bars & shapes
ASTM A580
Stainless steel wire
ASTM A182
Forged or rolled alloy-steel pipe flanges, forged fittings, & valves & parts for high temperature service
ASTM A193
Alloy steel & stainless steel bolting materials for high temperature service (grade B8R)
ASTM A194
Carbon & alloy steel nuts for bolts for high pressure & high temperature service (grade 8R)
ASTM A249
Welded austenitic steel boiler, superheater, heat-exchanger, & condenser tubes
ASTM A269
Seamless & welded austenitic stainless steel tubing for general service
ASTM A312
Seamless & welded austenitic stainless steel pipes
ASTM A351
Pressure containing castings of austenitic & duplex stainless steels, (grade CG6MMN)
ASTM A403
Wrought austenitic stainless steel piping fittings
ASTM A358
Electric fusion welded austenitic chromium nickel alloy steel pipe for high temperature service
AMS 5764B
Bars, forgings, extrusions & rings, 22Cr 12.5Ni 5Mn 2.2Mo 0.20Cb 0.30N 0.20V, solution heat treated
ASME
Design allowables (listed in Table UHA-23 of section VIII Division 1)
ASME
Design values (listed in section III, Division 1, appendices)
The technical advice and recommendations made in this Product Data Sheet should not be relied or acted upon without conducting your own further investigations, including corrosion exposure tests where needed. Please consult current editions of standards for design properties. Austral Wright Metals assumes no liability in connection with the information in this Product Data Sheet. Austral Wright Metals supplies a comprehensive range of stainless steels, copper alloys, nickel alloys and other high performance metals for challenging service conditions.  Our engineers and metallurgists will be pleased to provide further data and applications advice.
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