Stainless Steel Alloy 17-4PH

 Product Data Sheet – Stainless Steel

Alloy17-4PH  UNS-S17400

Also known as AISI Grade 630

Stainless Steel Alloy Grade 17-4PH is a precipitation hardening stainless steel which has extremely high strength and hardness, combined with good ductility and toughness. It has excellent corrosion resistance, approaching that of stainless steel grade 304. Designers and engineers often choose the alloy for its high strength, with corrosion resistance superior to most other high strength steels.

Typical Applications

High strength bolting and fasteners in aerospace and chemical plant applications. The alloy has been used in the petrochemical, petroleum, paper and food processing industries and has performed well. The alloy is also used for boat propeller shafts, where it is supplied as precision straightened, centreless ground shafting. It is also available as investment castings for uses such as boat fittings.

Chemical Composition

Element
%
Chromium
15.00 – 17.50
Nickel
3.00 – 5.00
Copper
3.00 – 5.00
Niobium + Tantalum
0.14 – 0.45
Element
%
Carbon
0.7 max
Manganese
1.00 max
Silicon
1.00 max
Phosphorus
0.040
Sulphur
0.030
Iron
Remainder

Temper Condition

Specified Minimum Mechanical Properties

ASTM A564, Bar & Shapes

Condition Heat Treatment

(all air cooled)
0.2%ProofStressMPa

(min)

TensileStrengthMPa

(min)

Elongation%(min) Reductionof Area%(min) HardnessRockwellC

(min)

HardnessBrinell

(min)

ImpactCharpyVJ

(min)

Annealed
1040°C +/- 15
38 (max)
363 (max)
H900
480°C, 1 hr
1170
1310
10

40 (<= 75mm)

35 (75 – 200mm)

40
388
H925
495°C, 4hrs
1070
1170
10
44
38
375
6.8
H1025
550°C, 4hrs
1000
1070
12
45
35
331
20
H1075
580°C, 4hrs
860
1000
13
45
32
311
27
H1100
595°C, 4hrs
790
965
14
45
31
302
34
H1150
620°C, 4hrs
725
930
16
50
28
277
41
H1400

760°C +/- 5, 2hrs

620°C +/- 5, 4hrs

515
795
18
55
24
255
75

Description

This steel is normally supplied in the solution annealed condition. It can also be supplied after a range of precipitation hardening treatments. The temper designation of the hardened material is Hxxxx, where xxxx is the precipitation heat treatment temperature in °F.

Alloy 17-4PH is a martensitic stainless steel alloyed with copper and niobium, which can be precipitation hardened by a simple heat treatment. Solution annealing gives a relatively soft low carbon martensite. Tempering in the range 480°C – 620°C precipitates an intermetallic compound based on copper, which gives high strength and hardness. Because the precipitation hardening temperature is relatively low little or no scale is formed, and it is easy to restore the corrosion resistance of the part. The hardening is accompanied by a small distortion.

The alloy is readily welded, formed and forged. Machining is carried out in the solution annealed condition and then precipitation hardened. As the hardening takes place over a range of temperatures, it is possible to vary the strength and ductility to achieve a range of mechanical properties.

Availability

Austral Wright Metals can supply this alloy as fasteners, bar, wire, billet, welding consumables and forgings.

Equivalent Specifications

Country
Specification
Product Form
Steel
Europe
EN10088
X5CrNiCuNb16-4
1.4542
USA
ASTM A693
Plate, Sheet & Strip
UNS S17400
AISI 630
ASTM A564
Bar
ASTM A705
Forgings
ASTM A747
Castings
CB-7Cu-1
Japan
JIS G4305
SUS 630

Corrosion Resistance

17-4PH has excellent corrosion resistance. It withstands corrosive attack better than any of the standard hardenable alloys and approaches the corrosion resistance of the standard austenitic stainless steel grade 304 in most media.

In rural and mild industrial atmospheres 17-4PH has excellent corrosion resistance. When exposed to sea coast atmospheres 17-4PH will slowly develop an overall light rusting and pitting. It is used successfully in salt water as boat shafting, with cathodic protection.

Physical Properties

Property
Range
Annealed
H900 H1075 H1150
Unit
Density
7,750
7,810
7,830
7,860
kg/m³
Specific Heat
23.0
23.0
W / m. °C
Melting Range
1400 – 1440
°C
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion
-100 – 20°C
10.4
x 10 -6 / °C
20 – 200°C
10.8
10.8
11.7
12.4
x 10 -6 / °C
20 – 425°C
11.3
11.7
12.2
13.0
x 10 -6 / °C
Thermal Conductivity
100°C
18.3
W / m. °C
500°C
23.0
W / m. °C
Electrical Resistivity
100
80
80
micro-ohm . m
Magnetic Permeability
Approx 95
Modulus of Elasticity
Tension
200
201
GPa
Torsion
77.2
69.0
69.0
GPa

Fabrication17-4PH can be cold formed to a limited extent in the annealed condition. Severe cold working should be done in the H1150 condition to reduce the possibility of cracking. The steel should be re-aged after cold forming to restore the best combination of properties.

17-4PH is readily hot forged. During heat treatment or forging, protective atmospheres containing carbon or nitrogen should be avoided. These elements can be absorbed into the steel surface and give soft austenitic skin. If a protective atmosphere is required argon or helium is recommended.

Machinability

17-4PH can be machined in both the solution annealed condition and the precipitation hardened condition. Because the final heat treatment temperature is low, 17-4PH can be machined to final dimension in the annealed condition and then aged without significant dimensional change or scaling unless the component is large, when allowance should be made for contraction on aging.

In the annealed condition machining is only marginally different from 300 series austenitic stainless steels. In the H900 condition the machining rate is 60% of that for annealed material.

Weldability

17-4PH has excellent weldability under production conditions, with procedures similar to 300 series stainless steels. All welding methods can be applied. 17-4PH does not require pre-heat up to 100mm section.

AWS A5.4 E630 Covered Electrodes and AWS A5.9 ER630 filler metals are used for welds of matching strength. For matching corrosion resistance, grade 308 or 309 consumables may be used.

Weld metal properties approach those of the parent metal. Post weld heat treatment is required to achieve full strength. Single pass welds are precipitation hardened, multipass welds must be solution annealed first.

Heat Treatment

The material is usually supplied solution annealed. It can be heat treated to a range of combinations of strength & ductility. Please ask Austral Wright Metals for advice.

Castings

17-4PH can be cast readily by most processes. The cast equivalent to 17-4PH is CB-7Cu-1, as specified in ASTM A747. The properties are slightly inferior to those of wrought material.

 

The technical advice and recommendations made in this Product Data Sheet should not be relied or acted upon without conducting your own further investigations, including corrosion exposure tests where needed. Please consult current editions of standards for design properties. Austral Wright Metals assumes no liability in connection with the information in this Product Data Sheet. Austral Wright Metals supplies a comprehensive range of stainless steels, copper alloys, nickel alloys and other high performance metals for challenging service conditions. Our engineers and metallurgists will be pleased to provide further data and applications advice.

 

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